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The Miracle of the Sword and Stone, and the Coronation of King Arthur The Sword Excalibur The War with the Eleven Kings

Now Arthur the prince had all this time been nourished in Sir Ector’s house as his own son, and was fair and tall and comely, being of the age of fifteen years, great in strength, gentle in manner, and accomplished in all exercises proper for the training of a knight.

But as yet he knew not of his father; for Merlin had so dealt, that none save Uther and himself knew aught about him. Wherefore it befell, that many of the knights and barons who heard King Uther speak before his death, and call his son Arthur his successor, were in great amazement; and some doubted, and others were displeased.



so dealt that... は「……ように扱う」です。be so made [written] that...「……ように作られて[書かれて]いる」もあります。


Anon the chief lords and princes set forth each to his own land, and, raising armed men and multitudes of followers, determined every one to gain the crown for himself; for they said in their hearts, “If there be any such a son at all as he of whom this wizard forced the king to speak, who are we that a beardless boy should have rule over us?”


who are we that 以下は難しいと思います。やってはいけないのは,that を関係代名詞と取って,「that 以下である我々は何者なのだ?」と読むことです。that が関係代名詞ならば,その後(a beardless boy ... rule over us)が文として成り立ってはいけません。関係代名詞節は,関係代名詞が主語または目的語として参加して初めて文になるのです。しかし a beardless boy ... rule over us は文として成立しています。よって副詞節の that であり,今回のは「……であるなんて」という意味です。「髭も生えぬ子に支配されるなんて,俺達は何者なんだ」→「髭も生えぬ子に支配されるなんて,馬鹿みたいじゃないか」というわけです。今手持ちの『ジーニアス英和辞典』の that2(接続詞の that)を引くと,4番に「[判断の根拠を表す副詞節を導いて](…する,…である)とは,…なんて」として載っていました。「that 節中にはしばしば should が用いられる」ともあり,今回の用例に合致します。

So the land stood long in great peril, for every lord and baron sought but his own advantage; and the Saxons, growing ever more adventurous, wasted and overran the towns and villages in every part.



Then Merlin went to Brice, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and advised him to require all the earls and barons of the realm and all knights and gentlemen-at-arms to come to him at London, before Christmas, under pain of cursing, that they might learn the will of Heaven who should be king. This, therefore, the archbishop did, and upon Christmas Eve were met together in London all the greatest princes, lords, and barons; and long before day they prayed in St. Paul’s Church, and the archbishop besought Heaven for a sign who should be lawful king of all the realm.


・pain は「苦痛」ですが,under pain of A は少し難しい熟語で,「従わなければ A(の罰)を受ける条件で」という意味です。マーリンよりも大司教が,従わねば呪われるとして集めた方が集まったところに,教会の権威が窺えますね。


And as they prayed, there was seen in the churchyard, set straight before the doorways of the church, a huge square stone having a naked sword stuck in the midst of it. And on the sword was written in letters of gold, “Whoso pulleth out the sword from this stone is born the rightful King of Britain.”


whosowhoever のことです。whoever とは「~する者は誰でも(anyone who)」「たとえ誰が~しようとも」という意味です。今回は「~する者は誰でも」です。


At this all the people wondered greatly; and, when Mass was over, the nobles, knights, and princes ran out eagerly from the church to see the stone and sword; and a law was forthwith made that whoso should pull out the sword should be acknowledged straightway King of Britain.



Then many knights and barons pulled at the sword with all their might, and some of them tried many times, but none could stir or move it.

When all had tried in vain, the archbishop declared the man whom Heaven had chosen was not yet there. “But God,” said he, “will doubtless make him known ere many days.”




So ten knights were chosen, being men of high renown, to watch and keep the sword; and there was proclamation made through all the land that whosoever would, had leave and liberty to try and pull it from the stone. But though great multitudes of people came, both gentle and simple, for many days, no man could ever move the sword a hair’s breadth from its place.


・この leave は「許可(permission)」です。


Now, at the New Year’s Eve a great tournament was to be held in London, which the archbishop had devised to keep together lords and commons, lest they should grow estranged in the troublous and unsettled times. To the which tournament there came, with many other knights, Sir Ector, Arthur’s foster-father, who had great possessions near to London; and with him came his son, Sir Key, but recently made knight, to take his part in the jousting, and young Arthur also to witness all the sports and fighting.



ジョスト(英語ではジャウスト dʒáust)は馬上槍試合で,槍を持って一騎打ちするスポーツです。これが描かれた映画が故ヒース・レジャー主演の『ロック・ユー!』ですね。




But as they rode towards the jousts, Sir Key found suddenly he had no sword, for he had left it at his father’s house; and turning to young Arthur, he prayed him to ride back and fetch it for him. “I will with a good will,” said Arthur; and rode fast back after the sword.

But when he came to the house he found it locked and empty, for all were gone forth to see the tournament. Whereat, being angry and impatient, he said within himself, “I will ride to the churchyard and take with me the sword that sticketh in the stone, for my brother shall not go without a sword this day.”




So he rode and came to the churchyard, and alighting from his horse he tied him to the gate, and went to the pavilion, which was pitched near the stone, wherein abode the ten knights who watched and kept it; but he found no knights there, for all were gone to see the jousting.

Then he took the sword by its handle, and lightly and fiercely he pulled it out of the stone, and took his horse and rode until he came to Sir Key and delivered him the sword. But as soon as Sir Key saw it he knew well it was the sword of the stone, and, riding swiftly to his father, he cried out, “Lo! here, sir, is the sword of the stone, wherefore it is I who must be king of all this land.”



take O by the P は「O の P を掴む」という意味です。現代英語では the P と言わねばなりません(She took me by the arm.)が,ここでは its P となっています。


When Sir Ector saw the sword, he turned back straight with Arthur and Sir Key and came to the churchyard, and there alighting, they went all three into the church, and Sir Key was sworn to tell truly how he came by the sword. Then he confessed it was his brother Arthur who had brought it to him.

Whereat Sir Ector, turning to young Arthur, asked him—“How gottest thou the sword?”



come by は「手に入れる」です。


“Sir,” said he, “I will tell you. When I went home to fetch my brother’s sword, I found nobody to deliver it to me, for all were abroad to the jousts. Yet was I loath to leave my brother swordless, and, bethinking me of this one, I came hither eagerly to fetch it for him, and pulled it out of the stone without any pain.”

Then said Sir Ector, much amazed and looking steadfastly on Arthur, “If this indeed be thus, ’tis thou who shalt be king of all this land — and God will have it so — for none but he who should be rightful Lord of Britain might ever draw this sword forth from that stone. But let me now with mine own eyes see thee put back the sword into its place and draw it forth again.”


するとエクター卿は大変驚いてまじまじとアーサーを見つめ「もしこれが本当なら,この国の王たるべきは君だ — それが神の思し召しでもある — 英国の正統な王でなければ,決して岩から剣を引き抜けないのだから。しかしもう一度私自身の目で,君が剣を岩に戻し,もう一度引き抜くところを見せてくれ」

“That is no mystery,” said Arthur; and straightway set it in the stone. And then Sir Ector pulled at it himself, and after him Sir Key, with all his might, but both of them in vain: then Arthur reaching forth his hand and grasping at the pommel, pulled it out easily, and at once.

Then fell Sir Ector down upon his knees upon the ground before young Arthur, and Sir Key also with him, and straightway did him homage as their sovereign lord.




But Arthur cried aloud, “Alas! mine own dear father and my brother, why kneel ye thus to me?”

“Nay, my Lord Arthur,” answered then Sir Ector, “we are of no blood-kinship with thee, and little though I thought how high thy kin might be, yet wast thou never more than foster-child of mine.” And then he told him all he knew about his infancy, and how a stranger had delivered him, with a great sum of gold, into his hands to be brought up and nourished as his own born child, and then had disappeared.

しかしアーサーは叫んだ。「父さん兄さん,何てことです! どうして膝を着いたりするのです?」

「いや,アーサー王よ」エクター卿は答えた。「私達は貴方と血の繋がりはないのです。そして貴方の高貴な血統について全く知らなかったのですが,貴方はもはや私の養子ではありません」 それから彼はアーサーに,幼少の頃からの話,見知らぬ者が大金と共に彼を自分の手に届け,自分自身の子として育て養うよう言い,そして消えたことを話した。


But when young Arthur heard of it, he fell upon Sir Ector’s neck, and wept, and made great lamentation, “For now,” said he, “I have in one day lost my father and my mother and my brother.”

“Sir,” said Sir Ector presently, “when thou shalt be made king be good and gracious unto me and mine.”




“If not,” said Arthur, “I were no true man’s son at all, for thou art he in all the world to whom I owe the most; and my good lady and mother, thy wife, hath ever kept and fostered me as though I were her own; so if it be God’s will that I be king hereafter as thou sayest, desire of me whatever thing thou wilt and I will do it; and God forbid that I should fail thee in it.”



“I will but pray,” replied Sir Ector, “that thou wilt make my son Sir Key, thy foster-brother, seneschal of all the lands.”

“That shall he be,” said Arthur; “and never shall another hold that office, save thy son, while he and I do live.”



seneschal はもちろん難語・マイナー語で「貴族の家の steward」という意味です。「家令,執事」といったところでしょう。ウィキペディアの「ケイ」には「司厨長」とあります。「大膳」も近いのでしょうかね。中国には「光禄寺」という役職がありました。


Anon, they left the church and went to the archbishop to tell him that the sword had been achieved. And when he saw the sword in Arthur’s hand he set a day and summoned all the princes, knights, and barons to meet again at St. Paul’s Church and see the will of Heaven signified. So when they came together, the sword was put back in the stone, and all tried, from the greatest to the least, to move it; but there before them all not one could take it out save Arthur only.



But then befell a great confusion and dispute, for some cried out it was the will of Heaven, and, “Long live King Arthur,” but many more were full of wrath and said, “What! would ye give the ancient sceptre of this land unto a boy born none know how?” And the contention growing greatly, till nothing could be done to pacify their rage, the meeting was at length broken up by the archbishop and adjourned till Candlemas, when all should meet again.

しかしそれから大きな混乱と議論が巻き起こった。というのも誰かが,これは神の意志だと叫び,「アーサー王よ永遠なれ」と言ったが,それより遥かに多くの者が怒ってこう言ったのだ。「何だと! 卿らは古の王笏を生まれの知らぬ子どもに与えるというのか?」 そして論争は大きくなり,彼らの怒りを鎮める方法はなく,遂に会合は大司教によって中断され,次に皆が集まる聖燭祭まで延期された。




But when Candlemas was come, Arthur alone again pulled forth the sword, though more than ever came to win it; and the barons, sorely vexed and angry, put it in delay till Easter. But as he had sped before so he did at Easter, and the barons yet once more contrived delays till Pentecost.









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